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What is a keloid scar

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Overview

A keloid scar is a thick raised scar. It may possibly happen wherever you’ve gotten a pores and skin damage however normally types on earlobes, shoulders, cheeks or the chest. In case you’re vulnerable to growing keloids, you may get them in multiple place.

A keloid scar is not dangerous to your bodily well being, however it will probably trigger emotional misery. Prevention or early remedy is vital.

Keloid scar remedy is feasible. In case you don’t love how a keloid appears or feels, discuss with a physician about how you can flatten or take away it. Even with remedy, a keloid can final for years or recur.

Signs

A keloid scar might kind inside months to years of the inciting damage. Indicators and signs may embody:

  • Thick, irregular scarring, usually on the earlobes, shoulders, cheeks or center chest
  • Shiny, hairless, lumpy, raised pores and skin
  • Different dimension, relying on the scale of the unique damage and when the keloid stops rising
  • Different texture, from mushy to agency and rubbery
  • Reddish, brown or purplish, relying in your pores and skin colour
  • Itchiness
  • Discomfort

When to see a physician

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Early remedy might help decrease development of a keloid. Discuss with a physician quickly after you discover a keloid. If you wish to deal with one that you have had for some time, discuss with a physician who makes a speciality of pores and skin circumstances (dermatologist).

Causes

Consultants do not fully perceive what causes keloid scars. However most agree it is doubtless a dysfunction of the wound-healing course of. Collagen — a protein discovered all through the physique — is beneficial to wound therapeutic, however when the physique produces an excessive amount of, keloids can kind.

Keloid development is perhaps triggered by any type of pores and skin damage — an insect chunk, zits, an injection, physique piercing, burns, hair removing, and even minor scratches and bumps. Typically keloids kind for no apparent cause.

Keloids aren’t contagious or cancerous.

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A keloid is completely different from a hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar stays throughout the bounds of the unique wound and may fade over time with out remedy.

Threat components

Threat components for keloids embody:

  • Having brown or Black pores and skin. Keloids are commonest in folks with brown or Black pores and skin. The rationale for this predisposition is unknown.
  • Having a private or household historical past of keloids. Keloids can run in households, indicating that the tendency is perhaps inherited. In case you’ve had one keloid, you are vulnerable to growing others.
  • Being underneath 30. You are extra prone to develop a keloid if you happen to’re between the ages of 20 and 30.

Problems

Keloids situated on a joint may develop laborious, tight tissue that restricts motion.

Prevention

In case you’re vulnerable to growing keloids, take these preventive self-care suggestions:

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    Observe good wound care. Hold a wound clear and moist. Gently wash the world with delicate cleaning soap and water. Apply a skinny layer of petrolatum jelly (Vaseline, Aquaphor) or different ointment. Reapply the ointment all through the day as wanted. Your physician may advocate making use of a strain pad or a silicone gel pad to a wound whereas it is therapeutic. Adults must take these preventive steps for six months after pores and skin damage, and youngsters as much as 18 months.

    Making use of strain earrings to your earlobes after an ear piercing helps forestall keloids.

  • Shield your pores and skin from damage. Attempt to keep away from injuring your pores and skin. Think about not getting physique piercings, tattoos and elective surgical procedures. Even minor accidents — akin to ingrown hairs, cuts and scratches — can incite a keloid to develop.

    In case you determine to endure surgical procedure, discuss along with your physician about your tendency to develop keloids. Your physician can use surgical methods that scale back the danger of growing keloids on the surgical website. After surgical procedure, ask your physician about postoperative care and observe the directions fastidiously.

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